Mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana) is a unique pear-shaped, sweet, juicy and tangy tropical fruit that has a deep reddish-purple colored exocarp (rind) when ripe. It grows on an evergreen tree native to the islands of Southeast Asia.
Natives in these parts of the world also refer to mangosteen as “queen of fruits” or “fruit of the gods”. This fruit plays a major role in almost every aspect of the traditional medicine in these cultures. Notably, the rind of this fruit has been used for its medicinal value for generations.
Mangosteen tree can grow from 6 to 25 m tall, it has a dark brown flaking bark and some thick, leathery, elliptic, dark green leaves and does not like the cold weather too much.
Short-term cold weather usually is not too dangerous for older trees, but prolonged exposure to very low temperatures of below 0 °C can kill even a mature mangosteen tree.
While it is cultivated in some different areas, it grows almost exclusively in tropical climates. The fruit is purple in color, but also can appear pale yellow. There are some color variations that exist within this range as well.
Unique for its appearance and flavor, mangosteen is often revered as “the Queen” of tropical fruits, particularly in the South-East Asian regions. This exotic, round, purple color fruit is quite popular for its snow-white, juicy, delicious arils all of the Asian countries, and in recent years by the European and American fruit lovers as well!
Botanically, it is the fruit belonging to the family of Clusiaceae, of the genus: Garcinia. Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana. Known as “Mangkhud” in Thai, Thailand is the largest producer and exporter of mangosteens.
Mangosteen plant is an evergreen, upright tree reaching about 20- 60 ft in height. It commonly found in tropical rainforests of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines as well as in some cultivated orchards in Sri Lanka, and India, where annual precipitation and relative humidity are favorable for its growth. Fresh purple fruits can be available in the markets from June until October.
Each tree bears several deep-purple, round shape fruits capped with light green calyx at the stem end. Completely matured fruit measures about 3-7 cm in diameter. Its tough outer rind is about 7-12 mm thick which contains bitter yellow latex that stains clothes black.
Delicious and juicy, mangosteen is one of the popular tropical fruits. It comprises of an impressive list of essential nutrients which required for normal growth and development and overall nutritional well-being.
It is moderately low in calories (63 calories per 100 g) and contains no saturated fats or cholesterol. Nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber (100 g provides about 13% of RDA).
Mangosteen is good source of vitamin-C and provides about 12% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin-C is a powerful water soluble antioxidant. Consumption of fruits rich in vitamin-C helps the human body develop resistance to combat viral flu and help scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free-radicals.
Fresh fruit is a mild source of B-complex vitamins such as thiamin, niacin, and folates. These vitamins are acting as cofactors the help body metabolize carbohydrates, protein, and fats.
Further, it also contains a splendid amount of minerals like copper, manganese, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids and helps control heart rate, and blood pressure, thus, it offers protection against stroke and coronary heart diseases.
|% Daily Value*|
|Total Fat 0.6 g||0%|
|Cholesterol 0 mg||0%|
|Sodium 7 mg||0%|
|Potassium 48 mg||1%|
|Total Carbohydrate 18 g||6%|
|Dietary fiber 1.8 g||7%|
|Protein 0.4 g||0%|
|Vitamin A||0%||Vitamin C||4%|
|Vitamin D||0%||Vitamin B-6||0%|
|*Per cent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.|