The exact origin of jackfruit is unknown, although it is believed to be indigenous to the rainforests of the Western Ghats of India, dating back to 3000 to 6000 years ago. Historians relate the discovery of jackfruits with the Indian Emperor, Ashoka, who encouraged the cultivation of several fruits, jackfruit being one of them. In 1782, certain plants were captured from a French ship and were taken to Jamaica and planted there. About 100 years later, the jackfruit appeared in Florida and was introduced into Brazil in the 19th century. Gradually, the fruit spread to other parts of India, Southeast Asia, East Indies and Philippines. Today, the jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and Indonesia. In the Americas, it has successfully flourished in Brazil, San Diego and Florida. However, the portions of the United States and Canada experience a cold climate making it unsuitable for the growth of jackfruit trees.

India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia are some of the major commercial cultivators of jackfruit.

Names in other languages: Jaquier ou jacquier (French), Katahal, Kathal (Hindi), Pala pazham (Tamil), Chakka (Malayalam), Panasa (Telugu & Oriya), Phannasa (Gujarati), Kanthal (Bengali), Phanas (Marathi), Kathal (Punjabi & Urdu).
Surely you have heard of the magnanimous jackfruit! The prickly fruit, characterized by a gasoline smell on the outside and a bubble gum aromatic flesh in inside, is the largest tree-borne fruit in the world, with a maximum weight of 36kg. Native to Southwestern India, Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka, the jackfruit is admired for its incredible taste, texture and edible seeds, similar to chestnuts, found encased in the flesh. Consumed both in the ripe and unripe forms, jackfruit is a part of some of the most exotic and lip-smacking delicacies across the world. Eaten raw, blended into a fruit salad or as a dessert topping, jackfruits do not lose their nutritional content. Botanically known as Artocarpus heterorphyllus, the jackfruit is a member of the Mulberry family. Apart from its pulpy flesh, sweet taste and amazing aroma, only a few people are aware of the wholesome benefits that it offers to the body. With the following list of advantages and tips, we promise to make your jackfruit meal a delicious and nutritious one.

From the family Moraceae and related to the breadfruit, growing jackfruit trees (Artocarpus heterophyllus) can attain heights of 80 feet with a straight trunk branching out from the base. Jackfruit tree info finds these trees cultivated in India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Australia, Kenya, Uganda and Mauritius. They may also be found in Brazil, Jamaica, the Bahamas, south Florida and Hawaii

This otherworldly looking oddity has a very thick, rubbery rind with short blunt spikes and up to 500 seeds. The average fruit is around 35 pounds but in Kerala, India a 144 pound jackfruit was displayed at a festival! All but the rind and core of the fruit is edible and the odor is in another category of scents than can be imagined. In fact, the fruit of growing jackfruit trees have been described as smelling either like a combination of grapefruit, banana and cheese or akin to spoiled onions blended with sweaty gym socks and cloyingly sweet. I can’t bear to think of the latter description! All parts of the jackfruit tree produce opalescent, sticky latex and the tree has a very long taproot. Growing jackfruit trees have flowers borne on short branches extending from the trunk and older branches.

Jackfruit seed encased inside a thin, transparent outer cover. It largely composes of starch and protein. Each seed measures about 2 to 4 cm in length, and 1 to 3 cm in thickness.

Read more at Gardening Know How: Jackfruit Tree Info: Tips For Growing Jackfruit Trees https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/jackfruit-trees/growing-jackfruit-trees.htm

  1. Jackfruit serves as an excellent protective agent against viral and bacterial infections due to the presence of Vitamin C in it. In addition, this fruit is known to strengthen the immune system by improving the condition of white blood cells.
  2. Enriched with phytonutrients, like lignans, isoflavones and saponins that contain anti-cancer and anti-ageing properties, jackfruits are beneficial in eliminating cancer-causing free radicals in the body and inhibiting the degeneration of cells.
  3. Owing to its anti-ulcer agents, jackfruits are known to digestive disorders.
  4. These fruits are a great source of fiber. This property helps in avoiding constipation and smoothening bowel movements. Besides, jackfruits protect against the colon mucus membrane by eradicating carcinogenic chemicals from the large intestine.
  5. Being an excellent source of vitamin A, jackfruits monitor the health of the skin and eyes, specifically by keeping vision-related problems, like macular degeneration and night blindness, at bay.
  6. With simple sugars such as fructose and sucrose present in jackfruit, it is useful in boosting energy levels, without adding fat or cholesterol to the body.
  7. Magnesium, found in large amounts in jackfruit, absorb calcium in the body and contribute to strengthening of bones and prevention of bone related disorders like osteoporosis.
  8. Jackfruits play a significant role in thyroid metabolism due to the presence of copper in their flesh, thereby promoting hormone production and absorption.
  9. The potassium content in jackfruit is useful in lowering blood pressure thus, reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  10. Similar to other fruits and vegetables, jackfruit is also heart-friendly; thanks to the Vitamin B6 that reduces the levels of homocystein in the blood.
  11. Jackfruit fulfills the iron needs in the body, thereby promoting proper blood circulation and preventing cases of anemia.
  12. With anti-ageing properties, jackfruits are known to inhibit the degeneration of cells, thereby giving the consumer a younger, suppler and more glowing skin.
  13. Due to the fact that it has low calories, jackfruits also help in maintaining the body by preventing the deposition of fat and elimination of obesity.
  14. The roots of jackfruit are extremely beneficial for people suffering from asthma. A concoction prepared by boiling its roots is a good remedy for wheezing and other respiratory problems.
  15. The extract of jackfruit is known to treat various skin problems, diarrhea and fever
Nutrients Amount
Basic Components  
Proteins 2.8 g
Water 121 g
Ash 1.7 g
Total Calories 157
Calories From Carbohydrate 138
Calories From Fat 8.8
Calories From Protein 9.5
Total Carbohydrates 38 g
Dietary Fiber 2.5 g
Fats & Fatty Acids  
Total Fat 1.1 g
Saturated Fat 322 mg
Monounsaturated Fat 256 mg
Polyunsaturated Fat 155 mg
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 130 mg
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 25 mg
Vitamin A 182 IU
Vitamin C 23 mg
Thiamin 173 mcg
Riboflavin 91 mcg
Niacin 1.5 mg
Vitamin B6 543 mcg
Folate 40 mcg
Calcium 40 mg
Iron 380 mcg
Magnesium 48 mg
Phosphorus 35 mg
Potassium 739 mg
Sodium 3.3 mg
Zinc 215 mcg
Copper 125 mcg
Manganese 71 mcg
Selenium 0.99 mcg

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